Athletes are prohibited from taking steroids or any other kind of drug. Athletes can dope just before the event. This is done to increase red blood cell counts. The oxygen is transported to the muscles more easily as the erythrocytes increase. This improves the athlete’s performance. Blood doping can be done in three main ways: blood transfusions, synthetic oxygen carriers and erythropoietin. Synthetic oxygen carriers refer to proteins and chemicals that are capable of carrying oxygen. These include perfluorocarbons or haemoglobin-based oxygen transporters (HBOCs), among others.
This could lead to cardiovascular disease. While synthetic oxygen carriers can be used to transport human blood in an emergency, there is a high risk of crossing blood types. A test to check for blood doping was developed in 2004. Blood transfusions tend to be a lesser known form of blood Doping. Homologous and autologous blood transfusions are the two most common types. An athlete’s blood is autologous if they use their own blood. The blood is stored in a refrigerated or frozen place and then transfused before the event. This procedure has many risks. The blood must not be frozen or refrigerated. Homologous transfusions are blood from the same person. This can lead to the transmission of viruses. Although blood transfusions have been used as a method of blood doping for decades, there is no way to tell if it is the homologous version. Erythropoietin is a naturally occurring hormone in humans that stimulates red blood cell production from the bone marrow. Red blood cells can travel to the muscle, increasing the body’s buffering capacity for lactic acid. EPO can also be used to treat anemia caused by kidney disease. EPO administered in blood doping form is not appropriate for athletes.
EPO may cause stroke, heart disease, or cerebral embolism. EPO may also be prescribed for autoimmune conditions. EPO was detected by a 200o test. It could be tested through urine and blood. In 2003, a urine test was created to detect EPO use. Blood doping should be banned because it affects what is supposed to happen naturally. Red blood cells should flow naturally to muscles when they are working, not be forced into doing so by some substance. There are many risks associated with this. Blood clotting, stroke, and heart attack are just some of the risks. Why should blood doping be permitted if it is against the law for athletes to use testosterone-producing steroids for muscle growth and other purposes?